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 Issues | Salvation | The Order of Salvation

The Ordo Salutis

“The ordo salutis (order of salvation) describes the process by which the work of salvation, wrought in Christ, is subjectively realized in the hearts and lives of sinners. It aims to describing in their logical order, and also in their interrelations, the various movements of the Holy Spirit in the applicastion of the work of redemption.”
(Louis Berkoff : Systematic Theology p416 : Banner of Truth 1971)

Most reformed theologians would give the order of salvation as follows:

  • Mystical Union - election/predestination in Christ before the foundation of the world
  • Calling
  • Regeneration
  • Repentance and Faith (or conversion)
  • Justification
  • Adoption
  • Sanctification
  • Perseverance
  • Glorification

Scripture itself does not set out such a list, although Romans 8.29-30 comes close to this, but the different parts are all to be found clearly taught in Scripture. Because Scripture itself does not set out a clear order there are differences of opinion as to the precise order and this also reflects the fact that since this is a work of God it does not permit easy observation. It should also be recognised that some theologians have used terms such as justification and regeneration in slightly different ways which can cause some confusion.

Rom 8.29-30: For whom he foreknew, He also predestined to be conformed to the image of His Son, that He might be the firstborn among many brethren. Moreover whom He predestined, these He also called, whom He called, these He also justified; and whom he justified, these He also glorified (NKJV)

See also:

Publications relevant to this issue


Articles relevant to this issue.

ELECTION - God's choice of whom he will save. Cross†Way article by Gerald Burrows.

The Scope of the Abrahamic Covenant. Churchman article (1960) by Francis Andersen.

Of Obtaining Eternal Salvation.  David Phillips expounds Article 18 of the 39 Articles - " Of Obtaining Eternal Salvation only by the name of Christ."

What is Conversion? Churchman article by Tony Baker.

Perseverance of the Saints. Cross†Way article by David Phillips. 

Absolution and Confession. The Mind of the Church of England as shown in the Homilies, especially in the "Second part of the Homily on Repentance." Church Association Tract 57.

The Economy of Salvation and Ecclesiastical Tyranny: Issues Relating to Female Episcopacy - Michael Ovey (Churchman 116/1 2002)

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