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 Issues | Salvation | The Lambeth Articles

The Lambeth Articles - Predestination

The Lambeth Articles were drawn up by William Whitaker, Regius Professor of Divinigy in Cambridge. The Articles were approved by the Archbishops of Canterbury (Whitgift) and York and by various other Bishops. In Cambridge a Mr Barrett was preaching against the doctrine of predestination and the he was asked to assent to the articles in November 1595. Barrett appealed to the Queen who rebuked Whitaker for taking these actions without the consent of the crown.

It was proposed at the Hampton Court Conference, and at other times, that the articles be adopted but this was never formally done. They were however used in Ireland and were incorporated into James Ussher’s Irish Articles.

The original form of the articles is in Latin and can be found in the works of Whitaker by the Parker Society pages 612 and 613 or in Gerald Bray’s Documents of the English Reformation and Miller : The Lambeth Articles.

1. God from eternity has predestined some men to life, and reprobated some.

2. The moving and efficient cause of predestination to life is not the foreseeing of faith or of perseverance of good works or of anything innate in the person of the predestined, but only the will of the good pleasure of God.

3. There is a determined and certain number of predestined, which cannot be increased or diminished.

4. Those not predestined to salvation are inevitably condemned on account of their sins.

5. A true, lively, and justifying faith, and the sanctifying Spirit of God, is not lost nor does it pass away either finally or totally in the elect.

6. The truly faithful man – that is, one endowed with justifying faith – is sure by full assurance of faith of the remission of his sins and his eternal salvation through Christ.

7. Saving grace is not granted, in not made common, is not ceded to all men, by which they may be saved, if they wish.

8. No one can come to Christ unless it be granted to him, and unless the Father draws him: and all men are not drawn by the Father to come to the Son.

9. It is not in the will or the power of each and every man to be saved.

Translation from H.C. Porter : Reformation and Reaction in Tudor Cambridge : CUP 1958 cited in V.C. Miller The Lambeth Articles (Latimer Studies 44-45 1994).

See also:

William Whitaker - history page


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