can we as human being know about God? The study of this question,
the knowledge of God, is called epistemology. The question presupposes
that God exists, or rather consideration of this question and
that of the existence of God go hand in hand.
It is possible to pursue the question of the knowledge of God
purely from our experience of the world. However, Christians
have generally made assertions about the knowledge of God based
on Scripture, which in turn asserts that it is the revelation
of God. This is in effect a circular argument, but it describes
Christian belief, it is logically consistent, and it makes sense
Our knowledge of God depends upon His self-revelation because
no-one can see Him or come to Him unaided (1 Tim 6.16).
God has however revealed Himself by His works and by His Word.
The works of God declare the glory of God (Psalm 19), and they
are so plain that a person should through these alone be able
to come to a knowledge of God (Romans 1.20). The fact that
we do not see this is not the fault of God or the inadequacy
of His works but because our hearts are darkened by our rebellion
In respect of our knowledge of God His works achieve two things.
First, they ensure that we are without excuse, and thus they
are sufficient to condemn us. Secondly, they cause us to seek
God, to desire to know Him, and so they prepare us for salvation.
Nevertheless, though in all religion people are seeking after
the knowledge of God it is granted only by grace: because of
our blindness we cannot truly come to God unless the Father grants
it (Jn 6.65).
Though the heavens declare the glory of God it is the law and
the testimony of God that are perfect, sure. converting the
soul and able to make us wise (Ps 19).
God has spoken, He has not revealed all things, but He has revealed
sufficient for us. Above all else God revealed Himself in Jesus
Christ so that those who know Christ know the Father (Jn 14.9).
Our knowledge of Christ comes through the Bible, but more than
this Christians believe that the Bible is the self-revelation
of God, not simply the word of men, but the Word of God (1 Th
The ability of God to communicate with is in language is not
in the least surprising. After all God has created us, made us
in His image. We have the gift of language by which we may listen
The Holy Spirit was given to the Apostles to lead them into all
truth (Jn 16.13). Christians believe that the New Testament
scriptures are the fruit of this promise. Nevertheless the
Holy Spirit is given to all believers that we may know God
(1 Cor 2.12). The fact that God does not lie (Tit 1.2) means
that what we know of God through the Holy Spirit in us is not
contrary to what God has revealed in His Word.
The Authority of the
relevant to this issue
Knowing God. Cross†Way article by Alan Hogarth outlining how God has revealed himself to us, through his Word and through Jesus.
'The Oracles of God': Andrew Fuller and the Scriptures. Churchman article by Michael Haykin.
The Suffering of Man and the Sovereignty of God - An Examination of the Relationship between the Problem of Evil and the Purposes of God. Churchman article by Melvin Tinker
John Calvin's Concept of Divine Accomodation. Churchman article by Michael Tinker examining Calvin's teaching about how God relates to mankind.
The Authority of Apostles. Churchman article by Mike Ovey.
Churchman 117/1 (2003) A Case
for 'Reformed Evidentialism.'
John Johnson discusses the advantages and disadvantages of Reformed Epistemology
and Reformed Evidentialism in Christian Aploogetics.